Sapu Hamada. Sweep is one cleaning tool consisting of fiber or rigid fibers and usually attached or tied to a grip. Broom is almost always changed from tree branches to the natural fibers. In Purbalingga there are broom made from wheat crop called Sapu Hamada. Amazingly, the special broom handicrafts of Kajongan village, Bojongsari District, Purbalingga Regency, Central Java has been sold and exported to Japan. In the state of Sakura, the Sapu Hamada Laris-manis bought by Japanese residents.
Sapu Hamada – Purbalingga handicrafts exported to Japan
The people of Purbalingga have produced various broom crafts like Sapu Hamada, Broom Sweep, and sweep Glalah. Hamada sweep is made from wheat plant stem. Palm-fringed broom made of palm-palm trees. The mop is made from grass plants. Of the three types of broom, the new Hamada sweep is currently exported to Japan, while the other type broom is sold around Purbalingga and the surrounding area. Every month Purbalingga exports 1,000 to 2,000 broom, can even more to order.
The head of the local welfare section of the village government of Kajongan Makmun in Purbalingga, Sapu Hamada handicraft is a typical product of Kajongan village which emerged since the year 1969 along with other kinds of broom crafts. Number of broom craftsmen in this village, reaching 37 craftsmen with the number of workers for each craftsman varied. One craftsmen can employ between 5 people and tens of people, according to their production capacity. For the needs of raw materials, there are acquired from the local in Purbalingga itself, such as grass that grows wild in the forest area. Wheat and palm stem crops are obtained from outside the area, such as Purwodadi, Tegal, Demak, and Semarang.
He admitted that the export of sapu Hamada was not done directly by craftsmen. Sapu Hamada is sent to other parties in Yogyakarta and Bandung which have access to the sale of broom to Japan. Although such cooperation has pushed the wheels of the local village community economy is growing. Currently Kajongan village has become the center of Broom Crafts in Purbalingga regency.
Government attempts to encourage broom craftsmen
In order to encourage the business development of the broom, the government of Kajongan finally built a stall on the edge of the Bojongsari highway. Ahmad Zaenuri who is one of the craftsmen revealed Hamada Broom started to be manufactured since 1962. This coincides with the many villagers planting wheat crops. Only since the last few years the wheat crop is no longer planted. The craftsmen have to look for them from outside the area such as Demak District which has many wheat crops planted by local farmers.
Because the high demand for broom Hamada to be exported, Ahmad Zaenuri not only employs 20 local villagers. There are also residents who helped to make a sweep hamada in a way done in his own home. Everyone can produce between 13-14 broom various sizes with quality according to standard export needs. If there are about 50 more people who helped make the broom Hamada to fulfill the demand of the company in Bandung that will export it to Japan. Price of one sweep varies from 50rb to 200RB rupiah according to size and raw material requirement.
In addition to Ahmad Zaenuri there are also other craftsmen broom called Sunarta. In a week, Sunarta assisted by 5 employees can produce 800 broom which will also be sent to Japan through a company in Bandung. Sunarta Price is around 50RB to 100RB for each of his cows.
Besides being able to improve the economy of the surrounding residents, Kajongan village is one of the contributors to export handicrafts in Indonesia. It can also improve the national economy through creative industries. In addition, it can also prove that Indonesia also has works that many people are interested in overseas. There are also many other works from Indonesia that are not inferior to other countries.
To know the example of other handicrafts click the link: mariministe.
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