Handmade handicrafts are derived from the word “hand” which means hand and “made” which means making. Handicrafts can be interpreted by making by hand or handmade. Handicrafts are crafts made using the creativity of the craftsmen hand that made them. Here is examples:
Hand-crafted knitting (Knitting) is a method of making fabrics, garments or fashion supplies of knitted yarn. Different from weaving that crossed two lines of thread that are perpendicular to each other, knitting using only a piece of yarn. In the development times, knitting is not only used for the method of making clothing only. Various kinds of handicrafts such as bags, wallets, and so on can be made by knitting.
Making knitting handicrafts is not as easy as making other handicrafts. Knitting crafts requires its own techniques and abilities. This technique is used if we want to form a certain form of knitting. In addition to techniques and capabilities, making knitting crafts also takes persistence. Without perseverance anyone as great as any will not be able to make crochet crafts. To make knitting crafts, you need to prepare the following:
Knitting needles are used as a tool to form knitted by means of matching a thread according to the pattern. There are many sizes of knitting needles circulating on the market. Each size indicated on the finger signifies the width of the hook. The hook size that we use will affect the density of our knitted results. If we want to make the knitted slightly stretched, we can use a hook/needle that has a wider clasp size. Conversely if we want to make a knit that tightly, then we can use a hook/needle with a small clasp.
Yarn is one of the most important components in making knitting crafts. Yarn is the basic material that will be used to form a product. The size of the yarn used adjusts to the hook (knitting needle). There are several types of knitting yarn that you should know such as cotton, Minlon, Kinlon, nylon, polyster, wool, linen, bulky, smock, and so on.
Knitting is not just simply connecting yarn yarn using needles. You have to have the pattern you want to create. For example, if you want to create a flower shape, you should have set up a pattern/form of floral knitting. If you want to make a round bag, you should also know the pattern/shape of a round bag like what you want to make.
READ ALSO: basic knitting techniques
Skin is one of the most widely used material craftsmen to produce works that have more benefits value. Leather handicrafts are handicrafts that use raw materials from the skin of either the cooked skin, raw skin or synthetic leather. Examples of products that can be made from leather materials such as bags, shoes, puppets and others.
In Indonesia, there are many places that sell a variety of leather handicraft products such as handbags for women or men, whether it’s a sports bag, a briefcase or a bag for hangout. Not only bag, luggage with various sizes also there. There are also belts, jackets and shoes that are all made from synthetic leather and genuine leather.
One of the center of leather handicraft that is well known in Indonesia is Tanggulangin leather handicraft Center. Not only in Indonesia, the work of handicraft from Tanggulangin has even been famous to foreign countries. Leather handicrafts made by Tanggulangin craftsmen can compete with world-level products because of the quality of materials and the construction of the production process.
READ ALSO: The center of Tanggulangin leather Craft
Who does not know batik? Batik Handicrafts is one of the original Indonesian products that have been known in almost every country in the world. Batik in Indonesia there are many kinds. Almost every region in Indonesia has its own local batik.
Indonesian Batik, as a whole of engineering, technology, and development of related motifs and cultures has been designated as a humanitarian heritage for the oral and intangible culture (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) by UNESCO Since October 2, 2009. One of the differences of Indonesian batik with batik from other countries is the technique of making using canting. In addition, the motif on Indonesian batik cloth is also very different from other countries because only Indonesian batik has its own philosophy in each motif.
There is a wide range of techniques used to make batik. These are 4 tecniics that are often used by batik craftsmen to make their own handmade batik crafts:
This technique is a way of making batik by painting directly on the white cloth. Before the craftsmen paint, they usually draw a pattern/motif on the fabric first. It is intended to minimize errors while painting. Motif used can be anything like scenery, abstract, puppet and others.
After finishing sketching, then the next stage is painting. For skilled craftsmen, they usually paint straight without needing to sketch first. Painting this can be done by means of distraction. Craftsmen use canting media to paint. There are also craftsmen who use brushes to paint. To create coloration with special effects, gradations or unique effects, craftsmen also use cotton or cloth pieces.
This printing technique is a way of making batik by printing using a print tool. The process of dyeing in batik printing is only colored on one side of the cloth. The production process is more efficient and faster. Writing techniques take a long time and accuracy in writing. Printing techniques in a single print takes only 5 minutes for one color. By using the current printing tools are very sophisticated, the batik motif will look more detailed.
This painting technique is done by applying cloth dye using a brush and then paint the motif above the fabric of the Mori. This technique is not easy, because it requires a high artistic spirit to work on it. Craftsmen must be jellies in making motives for each other’s colors can blend. The better the motive, the higher the price.
This technique is a way of making batik by painting using certain tools. The intended tool is shaped like a stamp made of copper. On the device is already in the design of the motif in such a way. The craftsmen lived to paint or attach them to a white cloth such as pasting a stamp on paper.
This process is a process of making batik faster than painting batik. However, the making of batik cap has a motif that is limited only to motifs that exist in the stamp/stamp available while the painting batik can make a more diverse motif.
Weaving is a fabric made with simple principles, namely by combining yarn lengthwise and transverse. While weaving is the process of making woven goods (cloth) from cross two sets of yarn by means of cooking-insert the weft yarn in the warp threads Woven fabrics are usually made of wood fibers, cotton, silk, and others.
Maybe so far we know more batik as icon Indonesia in the field of making fabrics. Yet there is another fabric of the works of Indonesian craftsmen who are not less beautiful and attractive, namely weaving. Many areas that become manufacturers of weaving, making Indonesian weaving has a diversity of motives. There are differences in cultural and environmental background, will create the uniqueness of weaving results in each region. The manufacturing technique using ATBM [Alat Tenun Bukan Mesin]makes the quality of Indonesian woven fabrics very good. Here are some types of weaving made by craftsmen in Indonesia:
Weaving of ikat or woven cloth is the weaving of Indonesia in the form of cloth woven from the sheet feed yarn or warp yarn. Before being woven, the strands of yarn are wrapped (tied) with a plastic strap in accordance with the desired ornamental pattern or patterns. When dyed, the piece of yarn tied with a plastic strap will not be colored. Double tie Loom is made from weaving weft yarn and warp yarn which both have been given motifs through binding technique before dipped into dye.
Ikat weaving technique is located in various regions in Indonesia. The regions in Indonesia that are famous for its fabrics include: Toraja, Sintang, Jepara, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, and Timor. The gringsing cloth of Tenganan, Karangasem, Bali is the only cloth in Indonesia that is made from a double tie weaving technique (double connective). The loom is used as a weaving tool instead of machine. The fabric can be stitched for clothing and clothing, furniture coating, or house interior decoration.
Songket is a type of traditional Malay woven cloth in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Songket is woven by hand using threads of gold and silver. In general, songket weaving is used at formal occasions. Metallic yarn with fabric set poses a brilliant sheen effect. The word songket actually derives from the term sungkit in Malay and Bahasa Indonesia, meaning “hook” or “graft”. This is very related to the method of making songket weaving which is hooking and taking a pinch of woven cloth, and then slip the gold thread.
Wayang is an Indonesian original performing art that is growing rapidly in Java and Bali Island areas. Wayang is also popular in some areas such as Sumatra and Peninsular Malaya. The word Wayang derives from the word ‘ Ma Hyang ‘ meaning spiritual spirit, God, or God Almighty. In addition, there is also a meaning of the puppet as the term Javanese language which means ‘ shadow ‘. This term is due to the general performance of Wayang Kulit, played by the puppeteer as a dialogue narrator of puppet figures and Sinden that has fun of Javanese songs accompanied by gamelan music.
UNESCO has established Wayang as the great work of oral culture and human inheritance (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity) on 7 November 2003.
Carving art is a branch of the fine art that has a distinctive beauty such as arches adapted from the shape of the environment (plants, animals, or humans) and packed into imaginative designs that are mutually Sustainable. The carving art can be applied into two-dimensional, semi-three-dimensional or three-dimensional form.
One of the districts that most produce carving is Jepara. In 2010 Jepara exported its products to 106 countries with a value of Rp 1.190 trillion. More than 95% of the overall product is furniture and carving. The Government of Jepara Regency has patenting 99 typical Jepara carving motifs while filing a geographic indication of the typical products of Jepara to the Ministry of Law and Human rights in the year 2010 ago. The purpose of the compliance is to protect the carving motifs and typical products of Jepara from the claims of other countries.
Crafts from Flanel
Flannel cloth or felt is a type of cloth made of wool fiber without woven, made by the process of heating and evaporation so as to produce fabrics with various textures and types. To date, the handicrafts of flannel is one of the many most popular handicrafts among young people. Besides the basic ingredients of soft texture, flannel fabric also has another uniqueness that is different color. Flannel fabric is also easy to be molded in such a way to become a variety of unique and interesting handicrafts.
READ ALSO: Crafts from Flanel
Crafts from straw
We all know about a straw, even maybe every day we use a straw. Good for drinking or for anything else. But once we use a straw, we will throw it away. As if a straw has no meaning anymore (Puitis banget hehe). One thing that every object needs to know has its own functions and usability. But that does not mean the objects we have used that we can not use for anything else. As with a straw, a straw can also be used for anything else even after we use it for a drink. The main function of a straw is to drink, but we can also use a straw to create a unique handmade craft.
Hand Craft quilling Paper
Paper quilling is a craft/hand rolled paper. Some of the reels produced will be assembled in such a way that it forms a unique product. If interpreted per word ‘ paper ‘ means ‘ paper ‘ and ‘ Quilling ‘ means ‘ to roll ‘. This craft is almost the same as the origami which also uses paper to form a unique product. But Paper Quilling makes products by rolling while origami uses paper folding. In Indonesia, Paper Quilling is already quite popular, although it has not completely spread widely to various regions.
Paper quilling can be used as ornaments on walls or displays in fancy frames. Not only that, the results of the roll can also be used to add a unique impression on wedding invitation cards and make Mahar from banknotes. The resulting shapes are also varied, ranging from alphabetic shapes and numbers, flower shapes, animal shapes, 3D characters, etc.
Garbage is a useless thing for most people. But for the villagers of Surabaya City Jambangan, Trash can be transformed into a unique and interesting craft. Located at Jalan Jambangan III No. 23, Jambangan, Surabaya City, there is the center of the recycling crafts of Surabaya.
Tris Flower is the name of a recycling effort that converts useless garbage into a work that can be used by many people. Bu Tris who is the owner of Tris Flower also invites people around to recycle garbage in their regions. Now Desa Jambangan is one of the clean and beautiful villages. Many of the awards have been accepted by Tris Flower and Desa Jambangan both locally and internationally.
To find out more about recycling centers in Surabaya City Jambangan village, you can read the following article: Tr
is Flower-the Center for recycling crafts of Surabaya
Crafts from Eceng Gondok
Hyacinth (Latin: Eichhornia crassipes) is a type of floating aquatic plant. People also often call it water hyacinth. It is considered a weed that could damage the surrounding aquatic environment. Water hyacinth easily spread through aqueducts to other water bodies. Water Hyacinth has a high growing speed so that the surrounding community is irritated with him. But there are some craftsmen in Indonesia who managed to turn water hyacinth into a product worth selling.
These are some of the handicrafts you should know. Indonesia is a country that has creative hands from craftsmen to produce quality work. Maybe you are one of them. One of the people who will bring Indonesia into a unique hand-producing country used all over the world.
To know other handicraft products click the link: mariministe.
We believe that Indonesians have the creativity to create quality works. Keep le
arning, keep working and always synergized.
Marikarya, it is our work