Typical handicrafts of Central Java-Central Java is one of the provinces that produces the best works in Indonesia. Craftsmen in this area are very skilled in making handicrafts. Since ancient times, handicrafts have become a culture that is not forgotten in central Java. Even most tourist places in Central Java are sure to have typical by crafts from local residents. Not only that, they are also not reluctant to show the process of making handicrafts that he sells to tourists both locally and internationally. That is one of the tourist attraction to visit the areas in Central Java.
7 Typical handicrafts of Central Java
There are a lot of handicrafts in central Java. Here are 7 typical handicrafts of Central Java that you should know:
Indonesian Batik is one of Indonesia’s original cultural heritage. Who does not know batik? Batik is one of Indonesia’s original products that have been known in almost every country in the world. Batik in Indonesia there are many kinds. Almost every region in Indonesia has its own local batik. Well Central Java also has a distinctive batik too. Batik-Batik is scattered in the area of Solo, Yogya, Pekalongan, Semarang, Rembang, Tegal, etc. That’s why Batik is one of the typical handicrafts of Central Java.
One of the famous batik in Central Java is Semarang batik. Semarang Batik is produced by craftsmen in Kampung Batik, Bubakan Village, Mijen Sub-district, Semarang. What makes Semarang batik unique is its various motives that are distinctive compared to batik motifs from other Central Java area. The basic motif of Semarang batik generally displays a more prominent fauna motif than flora. For example, peacock, butterflies, Rooster, Cendrawasih, Phoenix, and so on. It is because Semarang batik still has a cultural influence from China and Europe. As a result of this influence Semarang batik in general Semarang has a base color reddish orange. But there is still a batik motif Semarang that brings out the iconic city of Semarang such as Tugu Muda, Lawang Sewu, Heron Bird, Wisma Peace, and Blenduk Church.
Weaving is a fabric made with simple principles, namely by combining yarn lengthwise and transverse. One of the weaving fabrics that became typical handicraft of Central Java is Troso weaving. Troso is actually the name of one of the villages in the Pecangaan subdistrict of Jepara Regency. Han, in this village there is a community of craftsmen woven Troso. The technique used in the manufacture of Troso weaving is the technique of weaving gedok and then in a period of considerable length, developed into a ikat weaving. Nevertheless, the people of Jepara District & surrounding it more familiar with the term ‘ weaving Troso ‘.
Skin is one of the most widely used material craftsmen to produce works that have more benefits value. Leather craft is a craft that uses raw materials from the skin of either a cooked skin, raw skin or synthetic leather. Examples of products that can be made from leather materials such as bags, shoes, puppets and oth
ers. One of the places that produce typical handicraft of Central Java is the center of leather bag handicraft Palupi Craft and Zawa Leather Bag. Sentra Handicraft Center Palupi Craft and Zawa Leather Bag is assisted by the promotion and marketing by the local government. Palupi Craft is domiciled in East Semarang Tlogosari area while Zawa Leather Bag domiciled in West Semarang area of Erowati. Design, material selection and discussion, cutting, stiching and finishing are the basis for leather craftsmen. This is what makes Palupi Craft and Zawa Leather Bag can market its products to overseas such as from Singapore and Malaysia.
Wayang is an Indonesian original performing art that is growing rapidly in Java and Bali Island areas. Wayang is also popular in some areas such as Sumatra and Peninsular Malaya. The word Wayang derives from the word ‘ Ma Hyang ‘ meaning spiritual spirit, God, or God Almighty. In addition, there is also a meaning of the puppet as the term Javanese language which means ‘ shadow ‘. This term is due to the general performance of Wayang Kulit, played by the puppeteer as a dialogue narrator of puppet figures and Sinden that has fun of Javanese songs accompanied by gamelan music.
UNESCO has established Wayang as the great work of oral culture and human inheritance (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity) on 7 November 2003.
Wayang Kulit in Central Java is probably one of the oldest stories or legends in the world and is still preserved even amid the rapid development of the times. Many areas in Central Java are tourist attractions as well as a place to make typical wayang Jawa Tengah, such as Klaten, Surakarta (Solo), Sukoharjo, Wonogiri, Sragen and Boyolali.
Carving art is a branch of the fine art that has a distinctive beauty such as arches adapted from the shape of the environment (plants, animals, or humans) and packed into imaginative designs that are mutually Sustainable. The carving art can be applied into two-dimensional, semi-three-dimensional or three-dimen
sional form. One of regencies in Central Java that produces the most carvings as handicraft typical of Central Java is Jepara. In 2010 Jepara exported its products to 106 countries with a value of Rp 1.190 trillion. More than 95% of the overall product is furniture and carving. The Government of Jepara Regency has patenting 99 typical Jepara carving motifs while filing a geographic indication of the typical products of Jepara to the Ministry of Law and Human rights in the year 2010 ago. The purpose of the compliance is to protect the carving motifs and typical products of Jepara from the claims of other countries.
6. Metal, copper and brass
The center of the famous metal crafts in Indonesia is in Dusun Tumang, Cepogo village, Boyolali Regency, Central Java. Most of the products of the copper and brass craftsmen in the center of Tumang Hamlet has been exported abroad such as France, Australia, Malaysia, and the United States. They also market their work to local markets such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Bali, Yogyakarta, Bandung, and Semarang. The produ produced from the metal, copper, and Brass kingdom in Central Java are vases, jars, reliefs, sinks, bathtubs, table lamps, chandeliers, etc.
One of the typical handicrafts of Central Java that is not less unique is ceramic. The word ceramic comes from the Greek ‘ keramikos ‘ meaning a form of clay that has undergone a burning process. There is also ang mean ceramic as a result of art and technology to produce goods from the clay that is burned, such as porcelain, pottery, and so on.
One of the famous place with ceramic handicrafts in Central Java is Klampok village, Banjarnegara. The ceramic crafts in this place began in 1935. There are also Tegowenuh and Kundisari ceramics located in Temanggung of Central Java. Then for the center of Ceramics craftsmen himself is in the area Bayat, Klaten Central Java
. The form of ceramic crafts that are much in demand is GUCI. Craftsmen produce jars of various sizes, colors, and motifs of high artistic value. These jars can be used as a living room decoration or a living room. The price varies, ranging from tens to hundreds of thousands of rupiah.
Those are 7 typical handicrafts of Central Java that you need to know. In fact, there are many other handicrafts that come from Central Java.
To know other handicraft products click the link: mariworks.
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NB: Handicrafts are not only in Central Java, but also in other places that also have their own distinctive characteristic in each region